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Valentine's Day celebrated on February 14th, has a history rooted in both Christian and ancient Roman traditions. The exact origins of the holiday are not clear, and there are various legends associated with its history.

One popular legend suggests that Valentine's Day is named after St. Valentine, a Christian martyr who lived during the Roman Empire in the 3rd century. The most common story is that Emperor Claudius II banned marriages for young men, believing that single men made better soldiers. St. Valentine defied this decree and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When his actions were discovered, he was arrested and later executed on February 14th.

Another legend associates Valentine's Day with the Roman festival Lupercalia, which was held in mid-February. This festival was dedicated to the Roman god of fertility and included rituals and activities that celebrated love and fertility.

The romantic association of Valentine's Day gained popularity in the High Middle Ages when the tradition of courtly love flourished. Geoffrey Chaucer, in his poem "Parliament of Fowls," linked the day with the mating season of birds and romantic love.

Over time, Valentine's Day evolved into a day for expressing love and affection. In the 19th century, the exchange of handmade cards and tokens of affection became a common practice. Today, it is a widely celebrated day when people express their love for one another through cards, flowers, chocolates, and other romantic gestures.

The modern celebration of Valentine's Day has become commercialized, with businesses promoting various gifts and activities for couples to express their love for each other. Despite its commercial aspects, many people around the world continue to celebrate Valentine's Day as a special day to express and celebrate love.


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